Denbighshire Collieries

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The north-east Wales coalfield stretched from Oswestry in the south to Prestatyn in the north and included mines in Denbighshire, Flintshire and Shropshire.

The Denbighshire part of the coalfield was centred around the parishes of Chirk, Ruabon and Wrexham, formerly heavily industrialised areas with large deposits of iron, coal and clay.

 

Mine 
Place & Parish 
Opened
Closed
Notes

Aberderfyn

Ponciau, Ruabon

     

Acrefair

Acrefair, Ruabon

     

Afoneitha

Penycae, Ruabon

    Close to the road between Rhos and Wynn Hall.

Bersham
(neuGlanyrafon)

Rhostyllen, Esclusham

1870

1986

SJ314482.The last mine to close in the area.

Black Lane

Moss, Wrexham

1897

1957

SJ302536.

Black Park

Chirk

c1653

1949

SJ300392. The oldest colliery in the coalfield. In 1949 it became part of Ifton colliery.

Boncddu

Rhosllannerchrugog, Ruabon

     

Brandy Pits

Rhosllannerchrugog, Ruabon

     

Broughton, Old

Broughton, Wrexham

c1850

1878

 

Broughton, New

Caego, Wrexham

1883

1910

SJ306516

Brymbo

Brymbo, Wrexham

     

Brynkinallt

Chirk

c1870

1968

 

Brynmali

Broughton, Wrexham

c1770

1935

 

Bryn y Felin

Penycae, Ruabon

   

In the south of then Afon Eitha Valley.

Bryn yr Owen

Pentre Bychan, Esclusham

c1715

c1880

Near Bryn yr Owen farm..

Caeglo

Acrefair, Ruabon

   

SJ280429. Near Acrefair (GWR) station

Cae Penty

Brymbo, Wrexham

     

Cambrian

Ruabon

     

Cefn

Cefn Mawr, Ruabon

    Near Dolydd farm between Cefn (GWR) station and the village.

Cefnybedd

Cefn y Bedd, Hope

1913

1934

In Flintshire

Chirk Bank

St Martins

c1800

1880s

SJ293371. Linked to the Glyn Valley Tramway.

Clawdd Offa

Southsea, Wrexham

 

1943

 

Coed yr Allt

St. Martins

 

 

SJ324396. Three shafts.

Cristionydd

Penycae, Ruabon

     

Delph

Acrefair, Ruabon

     

Dolydd
(or Vale of Llangollen)

Cefn Mawr, Ruabon

   

SJ278414.

Erwlwyd

Llwyneinion, Rhosllannerchrugog, Ruabon

     

Flannog

Ifton, St Martins

186

 

SJ325397. Flannog farm. Several shafts

Fron

Tanyfron, Wrexham

c1806

1930

SJ285524.

Fronheulog

Penycae, Ruabon

     

Ffosygo

Moss, Wrexham

c1849

1917

SJ3054.

Ffrith
(or Glascoed)

Brymbo, Wrexham

 

1922

 

Ffrwd

Moss, Wrexham

 

1904

 

Gardden Hall
(or Morton Pits)

Ruabon

   

 

Gardden Lodge

Ruabon

 

1846

 

Gatewen

Moss, Wrexham

1877

1932

SJ315518.

Gresford

Gresford

1907

1974

SJ338536.

Groes

Penycae, Ruabon

    Between Groes and Copperas.

Grosvenor
(or Coedpoeth)

Coedpoeth, Wrexham

     

Gutter Hill

Rhosllannerchrugog, Ruabon

     

Gwersyllt

Gwersyllt, Wrexham

1862

1925

SJ315539.

Hafod
(or Ruabon New Colliery)

Hafod y Bwch, Ruabon

1863

1968

SJ312466]

Half Square

Llwyneinion, Rhosllannerchrugog, Ruabon

     

Holland

Brymbo, Wrexham

 

1941

 

Ifton

Ifton, St Martins

1913

1968

SJ321374.

Legacy

Rhosllannerchrugog, Ruabon

1870-75

   

Lodge

Brymbo, Wrexham

     

Llay Hall

Cefn y Bedd, Wrexham

1877

1955

SJ315551.

Llay Main

Llay, Wrexham

1921

1966

SJ328564.

Llannerchrugog

Rhosllannerchrugog, Ruabon

     

Llwyneinion

Rhosllannerchrugog, Ruabon

     

Moreton Hall

St Martins

   

SJ293357.

Mill

Penycae, Ruabon

     

Minera

Minera, Wrexham

     

Mountain Level

Penycae, Ruabon

     

New British

Acrefair, Ruabon

     

Old Furnace Rock

Wynn Hall, Ruabon

 

c1901

 

Pant

Rhosllannerchrugog, Ruabon

     

Pencoed

Brymbo, Wrexham

     

Penhoddw

Ruabon

     

Penrhos

Rhosllannerchrugog, Ruabon

     

Pentrebychan

Pentre Bychan, Esclusham

     

Pentrefawr
(or Y Pentre)

Rhosllannerchrugog, Ruabon

    Somewhere in Rhos, Pant or Pentre Cristionydd areas?

Pentrefron
(or Pentrefram)

Talwrn, Coedpoeth, Wrexham

 

1819

SJ282521.

Pentre Dwr

Ruabon

     

Pentre Saeson

Brymbo, Wrexham

 

1871

SJ280533. Small operation

Pen y Bryn

Acrefair, Ruabon

     

Penycae

Penycae, Ruabon

     

Plasbennion

Wynn Hall, Ruabon

    Opposite Wynn Hall.

Plas Isa

Penycae, Ruabon

   

SJ279445.

Plas Kynaston
(or Waterloo Pit)

Cefn Mawr, Ruabon

1865

1897

SJ284422. Near Cefn (GWR) station.

Plas Maen

Cymau, Wrexham

1864

   

Plas Madoc
(or Bee Pit)

Plasbennion, Ruabon

 

1846

 

Plas Mostyn

Brymbo, Wrexham

1801

   

Plas Power

Southsea, Wrexham

1877

1938

 

Ponkey Furnace

Ponciau, Ruabon

     

Preesgwyn
(or Lodge)

Preesgwyn, St Martins

   

SJ293363. Two shafts.

Pwll Cadi

Lodge, Brymbo, Wrexham

 

1867

SJ301532. Near Brymbo (GWR) station

Pwll Pitar

Brymbo, Wrexham

     

Quinta

Quinta, Weston Rhyn

 

c1901

SJ285367. Coal was transported by the Glyn Valley Tramway to the Llangollen Canal.

Smelt

Brymbo, Wrexham

 

1968

 

Southsea

Southsea, Wrexham

     

Square

Rhosllannerchrugog, Ruabon

     

Stryt Isa

Penycae, Ruabon

     

Sycamore

Acrefair, Ruabon

     

Talwrn

Coedpoeth, Wrexham

     

Trefynant

Acrefair, Ruabon

     

Vauxhall
(neu Kenyon)

Morton, Ruabon

1857

1928

SJ306454. Near the Morton Inn.

Westminster

Brynteg, Moss, Wrexham

c1847

1925

SJ309536.

Wrexham & Acton

Rhosddu, Wrexham

1868

1924

SJ328523.

Wynn Hall

Wynn Hall, Ruabon

    Comprised the Foundry Pit and the Rock Pit

Wynnstay
(neuThe Green)

The Green, Ruabon

1856

1927

SJ294433.

 

Sources:

  • Collieries of Denbighshire, G. G Lerry, 1946 & 1968
  • The North Wales Coalfield - a collection of pictures, Ithel Kelly, 1990